Form Fields

MDC Form Field provides an mdc-form-field helper class for easily making theme-aware, RTL-aware form field + label combos. It also provides an MDCFormField class for easily making input ripples respond to label events.

Installation

npm install --save @material/form-field

CSS Usage

The mdc-form-field class can be used as a wrapper element with any input + label combo:

<div class="mdc-form-field">
  <input type="checkbox" id="input">
  <label for="input">Input Label</label>
</div>

By default, this will position the label after the input. You can change this behavior using the align-end modifier class.

<div class="mdc-form-field mdc-form-field--align-end">
  <input type="checkbox" id="input">
  <label for="input">Input Label</label>
</div>

Now the label will be positioned before the checkbox.

Usage with MDC-Web Components

mdc-form-field will work not just with input elements, but with any element as long as its successive sibling is a label element. This means it will work for any MDC-Web form control, such as a checkbox:

<div class="mdc-form-field">
  <div class="mdc-checkbox">
    <input type="checkbox"
           id="my-checkbox"
           class="mdc-checkbox__native-control"/>
    <div class="mdc-checkbox__background">
      <svg class="mdc-checkbox__checkmark"
           viewBox="0 0 24 24">
        <path class="mdc-checkbox__checkmark__path"
              fill="none"
              stroke="white"
              d="M1.73,12.91 8.1,19.28 22.79,4.59"/>
      </svg>
      <div class="mdc-checkbox__mixedmark"></div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <label for="my-checkbox" id="my-checkbox-label">This is my checkbox</label>
</div>

RTL Support

mdc-form-field is automatically RTL-aware, and will re-position elements within an RTL context. mdc-form-field will apply RTL styles whenever it, or its ancestors, has a dir="rtl" attribute.

Theming

mdc-form-field is dark theme aware, and will change the text color to the “primary on dark” text color when used within a dark theme.

JS Usage

Including in code

ES2015

import {MDCFormField, MDCFormFieldFoundation} from '@material/form-field';

CommonJS

const mdcFormField = require('mdc-form-field');
const MDCFormField = mdcFormField.MDCFormField;
const MDCFormFieldFoundation = mdcFormField.MDCFormFieldFoundation;

AMD

require(['path/to/mdc-form-field'], mdcFormField => {
  const MDCFormField = mdcFormField.MDCFormField;
  const MDCFormFieldFoundation = mdcFormField.MDCFormFieldFoundation;
});

Global

const MDCFormField = mdc.radio.MDCFormField;
const MDCFormFieldFoundation = mdc.radio.MDCFormFieldFoundation;

Instantiation

import {MDCFormField} from '@material/form-field';

const formField = new MDCFormField(document.querySelector('.mdc-form-field'));

MDCFormField API

The MDCFormField functionality is exposed through a single accessor method.

MDCFormField.input

Read-write property that works with an instance of an MDC-Web input element.

In order for the label ripple integration to work correctly, this property needs to be set to a valid instance of an MDC-Web input element which exposes a ripple getter.

const formField = new MDCFormField(document.querySelector('.mdc-form-field'));
const radio = new MDCRadio(document.querySelector('.mdc-radio'));

formField.input = radio;

No action is taken if the input property is not set or the input instance doesn’t expose a ripple getter.

Adapter

The adapter for MDCFormField is extremely simple, providing only methods for adding and removing event listeners from the label, as well as methods for activating and deactivating the input ripple.

Method Signature Description
registerInteractionHandler(type: string, handler: EventListener) => void Adds an event listener handler for event type type to the label.
deregisterInteractionHandler(type: string, handler: EventListener) => void Removes an event listener handler for event type type to the label.
activateInputRipple() => void Activates the ripple on the input element. Should call activate on the input element’s ripple property.
deactivateInputRipple() => void Deactivates the ripple on the input element. Should call deactivate on the input element’s ripple property.